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What does a painting start with?


A rule of thirds or “a rule of thumb”.

This guideline proposes that the image is divided into three parts and that 1/3 or 2/3 of the painting become the highlight. This is where the main object or the skyline is placed.

A golden ratio

This is the magical spiral used by the greats such as Da Vinci, Raphael, Rembrandt and many more to make their paintings as aesthetically pleasing as possible. 

They consciously used the proportions of the Golden ratio (1: 1,62) and now their works are considered to be the high standard. 

Where does this ration come from? It routes back to the sequence of numbers so that each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1. This sequence is called Fibonacci sequence. As this sequence is infinite, there was introduced φ , which is equal to 1,618.

Line of beauty

Also known as the S-shaped curved line, it’s often used to create dynamic and at the same time harmonic composition. For this the S-shaped framework is placed vertically.

If interested, you could read a book of an English painter WIlliam Hogarth “Line of beauty”, which is devote to this S-shaped curve line. 

One point of focus

All of the painting supports one point, which is located on the main object, where you want to attract attention. Judging by the place where the point of focus is located, you should choose the corresponding technique, which would increase the magnetism of the object.

Multiple points of focus

Either there are many points and all of them are equally important, or there is one main point and the others are given less importance. The secondary points can be created with the use of contrasting light techniques, blurring, or the positioning of the objects with respect to the certain methods, such as the rule of thirds.